Dissecting forceps are used to handle tissues and other materials and also to manipulate needles and other instruments whilst operating. A variety of forceps have been developed to suit different purposes and many of them are available in different lengths. The jaws of the forceps may be toothed, plain or have specialised grips. Inappropriate choice of forceps may lead to damage to tissues or to the instruments themselves.
Adson's plain forceps
Fine dissectors often used in plastic surgery useful for grasping delicate tissues to dissect out nerves and vessels.
Adson's toothed forceps
Fine dissectors with teeth for gripping fine but tougher tissues. Often used in plastic surgery and useful for grasping fascia, subcuatenous fast and tendons.
Bonney's toothed forceps
Heavy toothed forceps used for grasping larger tough tissue and handling heavy needles. Typically used on fascia such as when closing a laparotomy wound.
Gillie's toothed forceps
Toothed dissector for general use on tougher tissues. The teeth mean that less pressure is required to adequately grip tough tissues such as skin but also that they are inappropriate for use on delicate tissue.
Heavy toothed forceps similar to Bonney's.
A forcep widely used in general abdominal and vascular surgery. Designed to grasp delicate tissues without trauma. They are available as fine or broad and in various lengths. Suitable for handling bowel, large blood vessels, bile ducts etc.
Non-toothed dissectors used for handling delicate vessels and needles in vascular surgery.
Non-toothed broad dissectors not usually used for dissection rather for handling packing gauze and prostheses.
These forceps are designed for use in confined spaces. The shape ensures that the hand holding the forceps is out of the line of vision and therefore not obscuring the area of interest. This is particularly useful when operating in the nasal cavity.
Russian pattern forceps